Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park (CNP) was gazette in 1973 and designated as UNESCO’s world heritage site in 1984 on account of its outstanding universal value. The park lies in the Central Nepal with an area of 932 km² and a buffer zone of 750 km². The area represents an inner doon valley in the central terai between the Siwalik hills in the south and the Mahabharat hills to the north. The park encompasses a wide diversity of habitats and species within the altitudinal range between 110 and 850m above mean see level. Approximately 70% area is covered by Sal (Shorea robusta) forest, the remaining being grassland and riverine forests including Narayani, Rapti and Reu river systems and numerous oxbow lakes, marshes, waterholes etc. Beeshazar and its associate lakes, a wetland of international importance is also within the park.A total of 68 species of mammals, 544 species of birds, 56 species of herpetofauna and 126 species of fish have been recorded in the park. The park is especially renowned for its protection of One Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger and Gharial Crocodile.